2021 Chinese New Year of the Golden Cow
2021 Chinese New Year Day is on Friday, February 12, 2021, in China time zone. The Chinese zodiac name of 2021 is Metal Ox. Metal is related to gold. According to the Chinese Five Elements, the color of the Metal is white. In the Chinese Astrology Calendar, Ox is the second zodiac in the sequence of 12 animal signs. Two is an even number, some people use Cow as the second zodiac name. Therefore, 2021 is also called a White Cow or Golden Cow year. The Chinese New Year's Eve is on Thursday, February 11, 2021.
The first day of the Golden Cow year is not the Chinese New Year Day. The first day of a zodiac year is the Li-Chun, Start of Spring, which is on February 3, 2021. Therefore, the first day of the Metal Ox year is on February 3, 2021, in China timezone.
Chinese New Year Festival - Culture Background
Chinese New YearChinese New Year is the first day of the first lunar month of the Chinese calendar year. The Chinese new year is always between January 20 to February 20 of the Gregorian calendar each year. The preparation to celebrate the Chinese New Year festival begins around the 8th day of the 12th lunar month. The last day of the Chinese New Year festival is on the 15th day of the first lunar month. That means it’s required for about three weeks to prepare the festival and 15 days to celebrate it. Traditionally, a Chinese man works outside for a living and his wife takes care of everything inside the home. A month is not long enough for a housewife to clean the entire house, put a new interior and exterior decoration, prepare new clothes and gifts for all family members, and food for many events. You can imagine that the Chinese New Year festival combines Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year Day.
To understand more about the 15-day Chinese New Year festival, we need to know some Chinese culture background first. Thousands of years ago, China was mainly an agricultural society. Each year, the dynasty government announced an annual calendar for farmers. The calendar contained the solar, lunar, and weather information for people to know when to seed, plant, harvest on their land, and even when to work, rest, pray and celebrate for their activities. Obviously, farmers know they count on the sky for their living. The sky is connected to heaven and heaven is related to religion. The major activity of the religion is to pray to gods for good luck, wealth, health, wisdom, career, longevity, peace, happiness at the temple or home.
Top 3 Taoism Gods The religion for most Chinese today is mixing Buddhism and Taoism (Daoism). Buddhism was imported from India. Taoism is Chinese domestic. The founder of Taoism is credited to Lao-Tse (Laozi), who wrote famous Tao Te Ching, "the Classic Book of the Way and Its Virtue”, around 604-531 BC. Taoism books say there are 36 heavens and 36 grounds in the universe. There are hundreds of gods and goddesses as well as saints and immortals living in the heavens and grounds. The Original Supreme God lives in the 36th heaven. The Spiritual-Treasure Supreme God lives in the 35th heaven. The Ethics-Virtues Supreme God, who had once the incarnation to Lao-Tse, lives in the 34th heaven. They are top three Gods in the Taoism (Universe).
Chinese New Year Preparation Days in 12th Lunar Month
- The 8th lunar day of 12th Lunar Month - The Rice Porridge Day
- The 16th lunar day of 12th Lunar Month - The Last Free Dinner
- The 24th lunar day of 12th Lunar Month - Farewell Day of God
- The 25th lunar day of 12th Lunar Month - The Cleaning House Day
- The 26th lunar day of 12th Lunar Month - The Cake Day
- Winter Solstice (around December 23) - The Tang-Yuan Day
- The 30th (or 29th) Lunar day of 12th Lunar Month - Chinese New Year Eve
15-Day Chinese New Year Festival Celebration
- The First Lunar Day of The First Lunar Month - >New Year Celebration
- The Second Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Day of Son-In-Law
- The Third Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Red-Dog Day and Mice Wedding Day
- The 4th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - Welcome the God of Stove Back
- The 5th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - Open Business Day - Welcome the God of Wealth
- The 6th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - Clear-Water Master Day (The God of Pig Day)
- The 7th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Human Day
- The 8th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Completion Day
- The 9th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Birthday of King of Heaven - Jade Emperor
- The 10th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Eating Day (The Food Day)
- The 11th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Break Day (The Intermittent Day)
- The 12th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Diarrhea Day (The Digestion Day)
- The 13th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Death Anniversary of General Kuan Yu
- The 14th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Lantern Decoration Day
- The 15th Day of Chinese New Year Festival - The Lantern Festival